United States of America
CAPITAL: Washington D.C.
POPULATION: 323.8 million (2016)
FORUM DIALOGUE MEMBERSHIP ESTABLISHED: 1989
ADDITIONAL FORUM DIALOGUE MECHANISMS: Triennial Pacific Islands Conference of Leaders (PICL) (last held in 2016)
POLITICAL SYSTEM: Federal Republic
HEAD OF STATE: President Donald J Trump
DIPLOMATIC MISSIONS IN THE PACIFIC: 8 (Australia, Fiji, FSM, RMI, Palau, PNG, NZ, Samoa)
SIGNIFICANT MULTILATERAL RELATIONSHIPS: Member of ADB, APEC, IMF, ASEAN/ARF, SPC, SPREP, WB, WCPFC, WTO
Common areas of strategic interest
The United States and PIF members share a common commitment to an effective international order dedicated to sustainable development, environmental protection, protection of human rights, and global peace and stability, climate change, renewable energy, the post-2015 development agenda and advocacy for the special case for Small Island Developing States (SIDS), including the implementation of the SAMOA Pathway.
Trade in the region
Pacific commodities may qualify to enter the US market through its preferential trading arrangement the Generalized System of Preferences program. Key Pacific commodities imported by the US include mineral water, cocoa, coffee and fish. Between 2014 and 2016 there was an average increase of 4.86% in trade with the Pacific Region.
The United States is one of the five permanent members of the UN Security Council and one of the largest contributors to the UN budget. The United States were the largest financial contributor to the 2015 general UN budget (22%) and supplied 28% of the UN peacekeeping budget.
In 2015, net U.S. ODA to Forum Island Countries (FICs) totalled USD 127.17m The U.S. government spent USD 341m in 2013 in its engagement in the 14 FICs through 15 departments and agencies (includes both direct and in-kind assistance for activities such as development and disaster assistance in the region, law enforcement and search and rescue costs in FIC jurisdictions, and weather monitoring and forecasting services in the region).
FSM, RMI and Palau, known as the Freely Associated States (FAS), are the largest recipients of U.S. assistance due to the Compacts of Free Association (COFA).