United Kingdom

CAPITAL: London

POPULATION: 65 million (2016)

LANGUAGE: English

FORUM DIALOGUE MEMBERSHIP ESTABLISHED: 1989

MOST RECENT STATEMENT TO THE PACIFIC ISLANDS FORUM:

Dialogue Partner Statement to the 49th Pacific Islands Forum (2018)

ADDITIONAL FORUM DIALOGUE MECHANISMS: None

POLITICAL SYSTEM: Constitutional Monarchy

HEAD OF STATE: Queen Elizabeth II

HEAD OF GOVERNMENT: Prime Minister Theresa May

DIPLOMATIC MISSIONS IN THE PACIFIC: 5 (Australia, Fiji, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands). Diplomatic relations with all PIF Members.

SIGNIFICANT MULTILATERAL RELATIONSHIPS: Member of ADB, Commonwealth, G20, GCF Board, IMF, SPREP, WB, WTO, Council of Europe, OSCE, AIIB.

Common areas of strategic interest

Human rights and climate change constitute the two main platforms for mutual interest between the UK and the Pacific Islands Forum. The UK has made a number of commitments at the 2017 UN Oceans Conference, in areas of Marine Science, Marine Protected Areas in the UK and Overseas Territories and the Commonwealth Marine Economies Programme.

Trade in the region

 

There was an average decrease in trade for 2014-2016 of 17.95%. Annual Trade for 2016 was recorded at US$ 288,929 million. PNG was recorded with the highest trade in 2016.

United Nations

The UK is a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. It is a member of the UN Human Rights Council (2015-16).

Development cooperation

ODA to the region is primarily through multilateral channels.

The United Kingdom has increased bilateral ODA to the Pacific, committing UDS 8.7million in 2013 and USD 12.2 million in 2014. The UK contributes €4.45 billion or 14.68% of the 11th European Development Fund (EDF) to the region. The UK contributed €3.99 billion to EDF10 (14.82% of the total fund).

During 2009-2013, the UK spent £60 million in the Pacific region on climate related activity, primarily through the Secretariat for the Pacific Regional Environment Programme.

The UK has pledged £720 million to the Green Climate Fund which has funding earmarked particularly for the Pacific.

The UK provided humanitarian assistance to the region in 2014-15:

  • £300k to support response efforts to major flooding in Solomon Islands (2014)
  • In March 2015, post-Cyclone Pam, the UK made £2m available to Vanuatu through UN and international aid agencies

Climate Financing in the Pacific Region

Between 2010 and 2014 the UK contributed US$ 0.20million towards adaptation and mitigation projects in the Pacific.