POPULATION: 79.5 million (2016)
FORUM DIALOGUE MEMBERSHIP ESTABLISHED: 2014
ADDITIONAL FORUM DIALOGUE MECHANISMS: Turkey-Pacific Islands Foreign Ministers Meeting (est. 2008, ad hoc)
POLITICAL SYSTEM: Parliamentary Republic
HEAD OF STATE: Recep Tayyip Erdoğan
HEAD OF GOVERNMENT: Binali Yildirim
DIPLOMATIC MISSIONS IN THE PACIFIC: 2 (Australia, NZ).
SIGNIFICANT MULTILATERAL RELATIONSHIPS: Member of ADB, IMF, OECD, WB, WTO
Common areas of strategic interest
Supports cooperation with the Forum on matters relating to the post-2015 development agenda, challenges faced by the Least Developed Countries, Small Island Developing States and Landlocked Developing Countries. At the 2017 World Oceans Conference Turkey had made one voluntary commitment to reduce sea-based and land-based pollution loads.
Trade in the region
Key trading commodities with the Pacific include refined petroleum and wheat extracts. Pacific commodities entering Turkish markets include fisheries products (fresh and frozen fillets) and yeast from Papua New Guinea. Palau and Cook Islands’ import data reflect the flag of convenience (i.e. Turkish vessels registered and flying the flags of Cook Islands or Palau).
Turkey was a 2014 candidate for a non-permanent seat on the UN Security Council, and again for the 2015-2016 term, but did not succeed. Their last term was in 2009-2010.
Turkey is the region’s newest partner and an Observer to the OECD Development Assistance Committee. The Turkish International Cooperation Agency (TIKA) is the main coordinator of ODA. The Pacific and Southeast Asia comprise a small percentage of Turkey’s total ODA, sharing USD22 million in 2012-13 and a similar amount in 2014.
In 2014, Turkey contributed USD 0.5 million to the preparatory phase of the Third UN SIDS International Conference held in Samoa on 1-4 September. Total contribution to SIDS from 2012-2014 was USD 4,184,301. Country breakdown not available. In 2015 USD 0.17 million in financial aid was provided to Vanuatu. Donations in kind were also given to Solomon Is, Tuvalu and Vanuatu in the form of equipment. TIKA granted 100,000 USD to the National Project for Eliminating Violence against Women in Kiribati for the period of 2014-2017.