Louis Mapou is a Kanak pro-independence politician from New Caledonia born on 14 November 1958 in Unia in the commune of Yaté. A member of the Kanak Liberation Party (Palika), he is president of the National Union for Independence (UNI) group in the New Caledonian Congress from 2014 to 2021.

Louis Mapou studied human geography at the University in Nantes and then in Paris in the 1980s. After a period at ORSTOM (now IRD), he joined the Rural Development and Land Management Agency and was its Director General from 1998 to 2005.

Between 2005 and 2014, he was a director of Eramet, chairman of the board of directors of Koniambo Nickel and director of Sofinor, the commercial branch of the Northern Province.

Elected by the Southern Province, he is also a municipal councillor of Païta from 1989 to 1995 and since 2020.

Elected President of the Government of New Caledonia on 8 July 2021, he becomes the first pro-independence politician to assume this position under the status of the Nouméa Accord.

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