POPULATION: 126.4 million (2016)
FORUM DIALOGUE MEMBERSHIP ESTABLISHED: 1989
ADDITIONAL FORUM DIALOGUE MECHANISMS: Triennial Pacific Islands Leaders Meeting (PALM) (est. 1997) & related Senior Officials and Ministerial meetings
POLITICAL SYSTEM: Democratic Constitutional Monarch
HEAD OF STATE: Emperor Akihito
HEAD OF GOVERNMENT: Prime Minister Shinzo Abe
DIPLOMATIC MISSIONS IN THE PACIFIC: 11 (Australia, FSM, Fiji, RMI, Palau, PNG, NZ, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tonga, Vanuatu)
SIGNIFICANT MULTILATERAL RELATIONSHIPS: Member of ADB, APEC, ASEAN/ARF, GCF Board, IMF, WB, WCPFC
Common areas of strategic interest
At PALM 7 in May 2015, Japan and Forum Leaders agreed to form partnerships to address: (1) disaster risk reduction; (2) climate change; (3) environment; (4) people-to-people exchanges; (5) sustainable development (including human resource development); (6) oceans, maritime issues and fisheries; and (7) trade, investment and tourism. Japan is a strong advocate for combating illegal, unregulated and unreported (IUU) fisheries, and peace and security in the Pacific Ocean, consistent with the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS). The Japanese Government made a number of commitments at the 2017 UN Ocean’s Conference including the Regional 3R Forum in Asia and the Pacific on the promotion of the 3Rs reduce, reuse and recycle.
Trade in the region
Japan is a key traditional trading partner with Forum Island Countries (FICs). Total trade for 2016 was recorded at USD 4.4 million with FICs. There was an increase of 11.68% in trade for 2015 and a decrease of 17.03% in 2016 trade. Exports from Japan have been consistently high to the Marshall Islands and high Imports from Papua New Guinea between 2014 and 2016 as seen in the tables below.
Japan is the second-largest contributor to the UN budget; currently hold a non-permanent seat on the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) for 2016-2017, which is their 11th term of membership (more than any other UN member); and, supports UNSC reform for balanced geo-political representation for permanent UNSC members.
Japan is the region’s 3rd largest aid donor. Between 2012 and 2015, Japan provided ¥55 billion (approx. USD 554 million) in development assistance to FICs.
Climate Financing in the Pacific Region
Between 2010 and 2014 Japan contributed USD 110.51 million towards adaptation and mitigation projects in the Pacific.