POPULATION: 59. 8 million (2016)
FORUM DIALOGUE MEMBERSHIP ESTABLISHED: 2007
ADDITIONAL FORUM DIALOGUE MECHANISMS: None
POLITICAL SYSTEM: Unitary Parliamentary Republic
HEAD OF STATE: Sergio Mattarella
HEAD OF GOVERNMENT: Prime Minister Matteo Renzi
DIPLOMATIC MISSIONS IN THE PACIFIC: 2 (Australia, NZ). Established relations with 14 Forum Island Countries.
SIGNIFICANT MULTILATERAL RELATIONSHIPS: Member of ADB, ASEAN/ARF, EU, G20, GCF Board, IMF, NAM, WTO, WB, Union for the Mediterranean, Council of Europe
Common areas of strategic interest
Priority interests between the Forum and Indonesia include protection of the environment, renewable energy, energy efficiency, and climate change. Human rights and a moratorium on use of death penalty have been a long-standing area of common interest between Italy and PIF members. Support marine protected areas and a sustainable, climate resilient, ocean-based economy in Pacific Small Islands Developing States (PSIDS). Italy has made a number of commitments at the 2017 Oceans Conference including Support to resilient ocean-based society in SIDS through water access and renewable energy.
Trade in the region
At the end of 2016 it was recorded that USD 689,659m was traded within the Region. There has been a 16.14% decrease in trade with the Pacific Region at the end of 2015. At the end of 2016 there had been a significant increase of 134.1% in trade with the region.
Italy is a member of the UNSC and UNSC reform and is in favour of a stronger representation of small island developing states (SIDS). Italy was among the main sponsors of the UN resolution on Climate Change.
Italy’s main support to the region is channelled through the European Union:
|EU Funding to Pacific||Italy’s Contribution|
|10th European Development Fund (EDF), 2008-2013||€97 million (12.86% of total €750 million)|
|11th European Development Fund (EDF), 2014-2020||€86 million (12.53% of total €686 million)|
Other significant multilateral grant contributions include:
|UNDESA Support to formulation of National Sustainable Development Strategies in the Pacific||€409,000|
|Pacific Regional Environmental Programme (IUCN, since 2008)||USD 16 million|
|Humanitarian response in 2015 through FICROSS||€50,000 to Solomon Is
€100,000 to Tuvalu
€300,000 to Vanuatu
Climate Finance in the Pacific Region
Between 2010 and 2014 Italy contributed USD 1.79 towards adaptation and mitigation projects in FIC’s.