General Information

Capital: Bangkok
Population: 68.1 million (2016)
Language: Thai
Post-Forum Dialogue membership established: 2004
Additional Forum Dialogue Mechanisms: Annual Thailand  Pacific Islands Countries Forum (TPIF) (est. 2014)

Political system: Constitutional Monarch
Head of State: King Bhumibol Adulyadej
Head of Government: Prime Minister Prayut Chan-o-cha (Military Junta)
Diplomatic missions in the Pacific: Canberra and Wellington (2)
Significant multilateral relationships: Member of ADB, APEC, ASEAN, G77, IMF, WB, WCPFC (cooperating non-member), WTO


Trade in the region


From 2010  2014, the rate of growth in export levels averaged approximately 30%. Fisheries is a key product of interest for Thailand and 75% of total exports to Thailand from Forum Island Countries in 2014 comprised fresh and frozen fish steaks. Key imports from Thailand include: cars, sugar and processed fishery products.

United Nations

Thailand is a founding member of UN and has served on the Trusteeship Council, the ECOSOC and numerous specialized agencies of the UN. It is host to many regional offices of UN agencies, as well as the Economic and Social Commission of the Asia-Pacific (ESCAP).

Development cooperation

A new actor in international cooperation and development through the Thailand International Cooperation Development Agency (TICA). Provides south-south cooperation in the form of training scholarships across several sectors (health, technology, sustainable agriculture etc).


Financial data

Common areas of strategic interest

Trade in fisheries is Thailands predominant interest in the Pacific. Although Thailand does not have a tuna fishing industry and is dependent on purchasing fish from other fleets, it is the worlds largest producer of canned tuna. Thai companies are both investors in tuna processing in the region, and the main competitor for local tuna canneries. In April 2015, Thailand was issued with a yellow card by the EU as a country which may not be cooperating in the fight against illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing, including reporting on origin of fish processed in its canneries.

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