General Information

Capital: Tokyo
Population: 126.4 million (2016)
Language: Japanese
Post-Forum Dialogue membership established: 1989
Additional Forum Dialogue Mechanisms: Triennial Pacific Islands Leaders Meeting (PALM) (est. 1997) & related Senior Officials and Ministerial meetings

Political system: Democratic Constitutional Monarch
Head of State: Emperor Akihito
Head of Government: Prime Minister Shinzo Abe
Diplomatic missions in the Pacific: 10 (Australia, FSM, Fiji, RMI, Palau, PNG, NZ, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tonga)
Significant multilateral relationships: Member of ADB, APEC, ASEAN/ARF, GCF Board, IMF, WB, WCPFC

Trade in the region

Japan is a key traditional trading partner with Forum Island Countries (FICs).

United Nations

Japan is the second-largest contributor to the UN budget; currently hold a non-permanent seat on the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) for 2016-2017, which is their 11th term of membership (more than any other UN member); and, supports UNSC reform for balanced geo-political representation for permanent UNSC members.

Development cooperation

Japan is the region’s 3rd largest aid donor. Between 2012 and 2015, Japan provided ¥55 billion (approx. USD 554 million) in development assistance to FICs.


Common areas of strategic interest

At PALM 7 in May 2015, Japan and Forum Leaders agreed to form partnerships to address: (1) disaster risk reduction; (2) climate change; (3) environment; (4) people-to-people exchanges; (5) sustainable development (including human resource development); (6) oceans, maritime issues and fisheries; and (7) trade, investment and tourism. Japan is a strong advocate for combating illegal, unregulated and unreported (IUU) fisheries, and peace and security in the Pacific Ocean, consistent with the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS).

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