Conservation Activities in our Region

Protecting the Pacific Ocean for the use of future generations is an important priority for the Pacific Islands Forum. As threats to marine diversity, resources and ocean health heighten; conservation is becoming an increasingly vital part of Pacific Island governments’ policies. To address these serious and urgent issues, the Forum supports a number of national and regional conservation initiatives.

Cook Islands Marine Park (CIMP)
The Government of the Cook Islands created the Cook Islands Marine Park, a 1.1 million square kilometre marine park, comprised of half of the nation’s territory and, at the time of its announcement, was the largest marine park in the world. The CIMP will be zoned for multiple uses including tourism, fishing, and potentially deep-sea mineral extraction, but only if these activities can be carried out sustainably: the precautionary principle will determine what activities can take place. The marine park will provide the necessary framework to promote sustainable development by balancing economic growth interests with conserving core biodiversity in the ocean.

Coral Reef Initiative for the South Pacific (CRISP)
Coral Reef Initiative for the South Pacific was a French inter-ministerial project aimed at developing a vision for the future of coral reef eco-systems and coastal communities. CRISP came to an end in 2010, the initiative resulted in very significant progress in the knowledge of biodiversity in the Pacific, with concrete applications in regard to marine protected areas and fisheries management.

The Phoenix Island Protected Area (PIPA)
The Phoenix Island Protected Area is a marine protected area lying with Kiribati’s Exclusive Economic Zone or EEZ. The area encompasses 408 250 km² and approximately 11% of the nation’s EEZ. To ensure the sustainability of the marine protected area the government of Kiribati, in partnership with the non-governmental conservation organisations, Conservation International and the New England Aquarium, has formed the Phoenix Island Protected Area Conservation Trust (PIPA Trust). This fund aims at compensating the financial lossese from restricting commercial fishing in the area.

Development of Shark Sanctuaries
In 2009 Palau created the world’s first ‘shark sanctuary’ which aims to forbid all commercial shark fishing within its 600 000 km² Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ). Following this sanctuary’s establishment a coalition of eight countries (Bahamas, Colombia, Honduras, Maldives, Marshall Islands, Mexico, Micronesia, and Palau) committed, in September 2011, to a declaration supporting the development of sanctuaries that end commercial shark fishing in their national waters. In addition during this time, Tokelau declared its entire EEZ a shark/whale/turtle sanctuary.

Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Act
Protected by the Australian Government’s Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Act, The Great Barrier Reef is the world’s largest coral reef ecosystem. The act encompasses almost all of the barrier reef, covering a 344 400 km² area. The park is managed through a Zoning Plan that creates guidelines for how people can use the area. The guidelines restrict people from using the park in unsustainable ways and limit certain activities in particular parts of the reef; the main uses are tourism, fishing, boating and shipping. Every five years a thorough analysis of the health of the reef is completed through the Great Barrier Reef Outlook Report, where there is a focus on conservation management, a stock take of the reef, and suggestions for future development.

New Caledonian Coral Sea Initiative
The government of New Caledonia, though the French l’Agence des aires marines protégées, intend to establish a 1.4 million km² marine protected area (MPA) which will cover the territory’s entire Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ). The MPA is predicted to be launched early-2014 at the Oceans-21 Conference. Once established, this MPA will take the place of the Cook Islands Marine Park as the largest commitment to the Pacific Oceanscape and aim to be the largest marine park in the world.

Pacific Ocean Initiative (POI)

Pacific Ocean Initiative aims to critically underpin science and technology so that it can be brought together to inform decision making processes and educate communities on how best to ensure sustainable use of a healthy Pacific Ocean. Currently POI is producing scientific research on a broad range of subjects, including land-sea interactions, marine bio-security, the economics of biodiversity, and humpback whales. 


Pacific Oceanscape Framework
The Pacific Oceanscape Framework is a framework sets out Pacific regional action and initiatives covering an area of approximately 30 million sq kilometres of ocean and island ecosystems. It builds on and strengthens the Pacific Islands Regional Oceans Policy (PIROP), in particular through more adequate provisions for coordination and resourcing, and for implementation. It functions to protect, manage and sustain the cultural and natural integrity of the ocean for present and future generations and for the broader global community. Click here more information and a video on Oceanscape.

Papahanaumokuakea Marine National Monument
It is the single largest conservation area under the government of the United States, and one of the largest marine conservation areas in the world with almost 400 000 square kilometres of protected water. The property was declared a Marine National Monument under the National Antiquities Act, inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List in July 2010, and protected by other national legislation, including as the National Historic Protection Act, Historic Sites Act, and the Archaeological Resources Protection Act. There are also traditional Hawaiian protocols protecting the property’s physical and intangible cultural heritage.

The Coral Triangle Initiative
The Coral Triangle Initiative is a multi-lateral partnership between six Pacific Ocean states: Indonesia, Malaysia, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Solomon Islands and Timor-Leste. It addresses coastal and marine threats in the subregion, which is recognised as a global centre of marine biodiversity and a global priority for conservation. The initiative covers 5.7 million square kilometres of ocean waters and its biological resources sustain the lives of over 120 million people.

The Locally-Managed Marine Area (LMMA) Network
The Locally-Managed Marine Area Network is group of professionals working in various community-based marine conservation projects. The network is based on sharing experiences and information to determine the conditions under which locally managed marine areas contribute best to conservation, benefit to the community and the reasons behind it.

The Micronesia Challenge
The Micronesia Challenge is a regional inter-governmental initiative aimed at improving the conservation of the marine and forest resources in the Western Pacific. The nations and territories involved represent nearly 5% of the marine area of the Pacific Ocean and 7% of its coastlines. Their targets are to conserve at least 30% of the near-shore marine resources and 20% of the terrestrial resources across Micronesia by 2020.

The Pacific Ocean 2020 Challenge
The Pacific Ocean 2020 Challenge seeks to focus global attention, build new partnerships between Pacific Island countries, Pacific RIM countries and development partners, and generate necessary commitments to face threats to the world’s largest natural resource. The initiatives planned include the preparation of a scientific statement on threats on Pacific Ocean, the completion of a report, the development of a Pacific Ocean 2020 strategy, and the establishment of a Pacific Trust Fund. Their main goal is to reach “A Sustainable and Healthy Pacific Ocean by 2020”.

The Parties to the Nauru Agreement (PNA)
The Nauru Agreement is an Oceania sub-regional agreement between eight signatories: the Federated States of Micronesia, Kiribati, the Marshall Islands, Nauru, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands and Tuvalu. Collectively the nations control 25-30% of the world's tuna supply and approximately 60% of the western and central Pacific tuna supply. In October 2010, the eight member states extended their prohibition on tuna fishing in approximately 4.5 million square kilometres of the Pacific Ocean high seas in their combined Exclusive Economic Zones (EEZs).

The Phoenix Ocean Arc
The first of the Oceanscape arcs, the Phoenix Ocean Arc is a collaboration with the United States’ and Kiribati governments. It aims at strengthening the conservation commitment between the Phoenix Islands Protected Area (PIPA) and the Pacific Remote Islands Marine National Monument. The arc is designed to protect the ocean area, including coastal and deep sea inhabitants. With an area of almost 800 000 square km, it is expected to be the largest, entire archipelago, trans-boundary conservation partnership in the world.


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