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Land Management & Conflict Minimisation

Land Management and Conflict Minimisation in the Pacific

The Land Management and Conflict Minimisation Project (LMCM) is an initiative of the Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat (PIFS) that was endorsed by the Forum Regional Security Committee and the Forum Officials Committee in 2006. The project focuses on the interlinkages between land management and conflict minimisation, and approaches land issues in the Pacific from a holistic point of view, combining both economic development and conflict prevention perspectives. The recognition of the centrality of customary land tenure in the lives of the people of the Pacific is the key underlying principle upon which the LMCM project is founded.

The LMCM project has comprised a review of national, regional and international literature. This review has resulted in ten sub-project reports. In 2008, these reports were drawn together into a synthesis report Improving Access to Customary Land and Maintaining Social Harmony in the Pacific, including 12 Guiding Principles and a suggested Implementation Framework to provide guidance to Pacific Island Forum states in land management whilst ensuring the minimising of land-related conflict. These 12 Guiding Principles were endorsed by the Forum Leaders in 2008.

Results of the LMCM project 

The ten LMCM sub-project reports, the synthesis paper, and a separate executive summary can be downloaded below.

Synthesis report Guiding Principles and Implementation Framework for Improving Access to Customary Land and Maintaining Social Harmony in the Pacific

Executive Summary of synthesis report Guiding Principles and Implementation Framework for Improving Access to Customary Land and Maintaining Social Harmony in the Pacific

Ten sub-project reports

1.1 Review of the Role of Land in Conflict Escalation in Recent Conflict Situation

2.1 Historical Context of Current Land Management and Conflict Management Situations in the Pacific

2.2 Social Changes that Impact on Land in the Pacific

2.3 Communal Property Rights and Formal and Informal Institutions for Economic Development and Conflict Minimisation

2.4 Environmental Causes of Land-based Conflict

2.5 Role and Dynamics of Land Related Politics and Political Parties in Conflict and Conflict Escalation in the Pacific

2.6 Gender Dimensions of Land-based Conflict in the Pacific

3.1 Financial Management of Customary and Other Land in the Pacific

3.2 Land Information System for Land Administration, Land Use Planning and Management

4.1 Conflict Management Processes, Models, Mechanisms and Tools and their Relevance to the Management of Land Related Conflict in the Pacific


Overview of country case studies in the LMCM sub-project reports

Several of the reports include specific country case studies. These can be accessed by downloading the relevant sub-project report.

Fiji

2.3 Communal Property Rights and Formal and Informal Institutions for Economic Development and Conflict Minimisation in Fiji

3.1. Financial Management of Customary and Other Land in Fiji

2.5 Role and Dynamics of Land Related Politics and Political Parties in Conflict and Conflict Escalation in Fiji

2.4 Environmental Causes of Land-based Conflict in Fiji

3.2 Land Information System for Land Administration, Land Use Planning and Management in Fiji

Kiribati

2.2 Review of Social Changes that Impact on Land in the Pacific: Land Conflicts on State Lands in Kiritimati Island, Kiribati

2.5 Role and Dynamics of Land Related Politics and Political Parties in Conflict and Conflict Escalation in Kiribati

New Zealand

2.3. Communal Property Rights and Formal and Informal Institutions for Economic Development and Conflict Minimisation in New Zealand

3.1 Financial Management of Customary and Other Land in New Zealand

Niue

2.4 Land Laws, Tenure and Environmental Degradation: Environmental Causes of Land-based Conflict in Niue

3.2 Land Information System for Land Administration, Land Use Planning and Management: LIS and GIS for Resource Use Planning in Niue

Papua New Guinea

2.2 Review of Social Changes that Impact on Land in the Pacific: The Process of Land Reform in Papua New Guinea

2.3. Communal Property Rights and Formal and Informal Institutions for Economic Development and Conflict Minimisation in Papua New Guinea

3.1. Financial Management of Customary and Other Land in Papua New Guinea

3.2 Land Information System for Land Administration, Land Use Planning and Management: Geographical Information Systems in Papua New Guinea

Samoa

2.2 Review of Social Changes that Impact on Land in the Pacific: The Development of the Planning and Urban Management Agency (PUMA) to better manage land and land use conflicts in Samoa

2.3 Communal Property Rights and Formal and Informal Institutions for Economic Development and Conflict Minimisation in Samoa

3.1 Financial Management of Customary and Other Land in Samoa

3.2 Land Information System for Land Administration, Land Use Planning and Management: Status of GIS: Review for the Second Infrastructure, Asset Management Project, 2005 in Samoa

4.1 Conflict Management Processes, Models, Mechanisms and Tools and their Relevance to the Management of Land Related Conflict in Samoa

Solomon Islands

2.3. Communal Property Rights and Formal and Informal Institutions for Economic Development and Conflict Minimisation in Solomon Islands

2.4 Environmental Causes of Land-based Conflict in Solomon Islands: Environmental Influences on the ‘Tensions’ 1998-2003.

3.1. Financial Management of Customary and Other Land in Solomon Islands

3.2 Land Information System for Land Administration, Land Use Planning and Management: Status and needs of LIS/GIS in Solomon Islands

2.5. Role and Dynamics of Land Related Politics and Political Parties in Conflict and Conflict Escalation in Solomon Islands

4.1 Conflict Management Processes, Models, Mechanisms and Tools and their Relevance to the Management of Land Related Conflict in Solomon Islands

Tuvalu

2.4. Environmental Causes of Land-based Conflict: Urbanisation influencing conflict over land and resources in Tuvalu

Vanuatu

2.3. Communal Property Rights and Formal and Informal Institutions for Economic Development and Conflict Minimisation in Vanuatu

4.1 Conflict Management Processes, Models, Mechanisms and Tools and their Relevance to the Management of Land Related Conflict in Vanuatu

2.4. Environmental Causes of Land-based Conflict: Conservation Area Planning - Vatthe Conservation Area in Vanuatu
 

 

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