POPULATION: 260.1 million (2016)
LANGUAGE: Bahasa Indonesia
FORUM DIALOGUE MEMBERSHIP ESTABLISHED: 2001
ADDITIONAL FORUM DIALOGUE MECHANISMS: None. Although some members engage with Indonesia through the South West Pacific Dialogue (SwPD)
POLITICAL SYSTEM: Constitutional Republic
HEAD OF STATE AND GOVERNMENT: President Joko Widodo
DIPLOMATIC MISSIONS IN THE PACIFIC: 4 (Australia, Fiji, PNG, NZ)
SIGNIFICANT MULTILATERAL RELATIONSHIPS: Member of ADB, APEC, ASEAN, GCF Board (alternate), IMF, ISA, MSG (Associate), WB, WCPFC, WTO, AIIB, Non-Aligned Movement (NAM), Organisation of Islamic Cooperation.
Common areas of strategic interest
Indonesia shares interests in human rights, climate change and the UN Declaration on the Right to Development (RTD). As a partner nation to the Coral Triangle Initiative on coral reefs, fisheries and food security, it is committed to the protection and sustainable use of marine resources. In 2017 a Forum observer mission was invited to observe the provincial elections in the West Papuan Provinces, based out of Jayapura.
Trade in the region
Total trade between Indonesia and the Pacific Region was recorded as USD 284,040m in 2016. Between 2014 and 2015 there was an increase of 4.65% in trade with the region. In 2016 there was a 10.77% decrease in trade with the region. PNG has been consistently the highest trader with Indonesia between 2014 and 2016.
Indonesia is a member of the UN Special Committee on Decolonisation (also known as the Committee of 24, C-24) and the UN Human Rights Council (2015-17). It advocates for the strengthening of the UN Human Rights mechanism. Indonesia was chosen, recently, as one of the UN Ocean Conference vice presidents, marking its strategic position in supporting the world’s ocean conservation and the fight against illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing.
South-south cooperation for capacity-building initiatives is provided through the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Sectors include agriculture, arts and culture democracy, disaster risk management, education, energy, fisheries, forestry, good governance, health services, infrastructure, ICT and media, tourism, trade and finance, SME development and women’s empowerment.
From 2000 – 2015 Indonesia conducted 136 capacity building programs to 867 participants from various backgrounds in the Forum Island Countries.